Arkansas Guide To CBD Oil
Arkansas CBD Laws 
Is CBD oil legal in Arkansas? Well, now that depends on what kind of CBD oil you’re talking about. Fortunately for Arkansa residents, due to legislation enacted in the state over the past few years, both CBD oil made from hemp and THC oil from marijuana are legal in the state. However, products made from marijuana are only available to those who qualify for the state’s recently launched medical marijuana program.
In this article, we’ll talk about Arkansas’ laws related to hemp CBD and medical marijuana, discuss the differences between the two and why you might want to use one over the other, what medical conditions are commonly treated with these products, and how to take part in the state’s medical marijuana program.
Arkansas CBD-Oil Laws
Hemp CBD vs Cannabis Oil From Marijuana
Medical Benefits of CBD
How To Buy CBD Oil in Arkansas
Hemp CBD vs. Cannabis Oil From Marijuana
Before we get into legalities and medicinal uses of CBD, the first item of importance is to understand exactly what the difference is between CBD oil made from hemp and the oil made from marijuana which is far higher in THC and is technically known as cannabis oil.
Both CBD and THC are part of a family of compounds known as cannabinoids which we’ll talk more about later in this post, but for now, it’s important to understand that THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the high experienced by marijuana users, while CBD is non-intoxicating.
Cannabis has been used by humans for food, building materials, clothing, and medicine for millennia — in fact, since before recorded history.
Both hemp and marijuana are categories of strains of the cannabis family. In modern times, cannabis has been bred for two distinct purposes. Those strains which have been bred to be high in THC fall under the category of marijuana. And those which contain negligible amounts of THC are considered hemp.
In recent years certain low-THC strains of marijuana have been developed which now qualify as hemp as they contain levels of THC below the 0.3% limit. These strains which are used to make CBD oil are not actually breeds of industrial hemp, but rather strains of marijuana which have had the THC bred out of them.
The reason this is important is that there’s a huge misconception in the American media that CBD oil is made from industrial hemp. Industrial hemp is bred to produce seeds and fibers without regard for the levels of cannabinoids. In fact, industrial hemp is grown packed together in huge fields in much the same way as grains. In order to produce seeds, the female plants must be fertilized by the male plants’ pollen. Once this happens, the plants focus their energy on producing seeds rather than cannabinoids.
The type of hemp being used to produce CBD oil is often referred to as phytocannabinoid-rich hemp, or PCR hemp. This type of cannabinoid-rich hemp looks and smells just like marijuana. It’s grown like marijuana in plots or pots rather than packed together in fields. And it’s harvested and processed in much the same way as marijuana.
While the cannabis oil produced from marijuana can contain both THC and CBD, hemp CBD oil is, for all intents and purposes, devoid of THC. In fact, many CBD products contain zero THC.
Since the passage of the 2018 federal farm appropriations bill, hemp and marijuana have been separated in the eyes of the U.S. government. While marijuana falls under the rules of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (and is still technically federally illegal), hemp and CBD oil now fall under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Food and Drug Administration, respectively.
Because the legalization of hemp happened so recently, at the time of writing, there are still quite a few details to be ironed out by the USDA and the FDA. Most of the issues — such as whether or not CBD can be used in foods or whether it should be considered a drug — are expected to be solved before the end of 2019.
Hemp and CBD were made legal in Arkansas before the federal hemp laws were enacted. In 2017 the state passed the Industrial Hemp Act. As with the federal bill, it allows a maximum THC content of 0.3%.
What Are The Medicinal Uses Of CBD Oil & Cannabis Oil?
Many experts in the medicinal use of marijuana agree that a balance of THC and CBD is ideal for most medical conditions. However, that doesn’t mean it’s ideal for all people. Cannabis effects each of us differently. Lifestyle can also be a major factor. And, frankly, many people report excellent results in relieving their symptoms with CBD alone.
The evidence for CBD oil’s efficacy in treating most of the conditions above is compelling enough that it has convinced bodies of lawmakers in a number of states to legalize the use of low-THC or no-THC oils. Furthermore, the FDA last year approved a prescription drug known as Epidiolex for the treatment of certain cases of childhood epilepsy. In order to get that approval, the drug had to undergo not one but a series of clinical studies to prove that it was effective and safe to use.
Scores of scientific studies have been undertaken to determine the effects of CBD for a wide array of illnesses. Evidence strongly suggests that THC-free CBD oil provides the following benefits:
- Analgesic (pain reducer)
- Antiemetic (reduces nausea and vomiting)
To better understand the effects of THC and CBD let’s take a couple of minutes here to explain in a nutshell how cannabinoids work.
As we mentioned earlier, both CBD and THC are part of a family of compounds known as cannabinoids. Scores of cannabinoids are produced in cannabis, but THC and CBD are the most abundant.
Cannabinoids act upon the human body in a number of ways, but the most powerful channel for the effects is what is known as the endocannabinoid system or ECS. This is a vast network of cellular receptors and signaling molecules which are produced by the brain and central nervous system.
Oversimplified, the way the ECS works is that if the body detects certain types of imbalances it naturally produces molecules known as endocannabinoids which traverse the bloodstream and interact with cells throughout the body via endocannabinoid receptors.
The cannabinoids found in cannabis, technically known as phytocannabinoids, have the ability to mimic the effects of endocannabinoids as well as provide some unique effects.
The mechanism via which THC causes a high is that it binds to receptors in brain cells known as CB1 receptors. CBD, on the other hand, although it does interact with these receptors, does not bind with them, and therefore is non-intoxicating.
THC and CBD can sometimes have opposing effects, so the balance of the two can be critical in some cases. For example, THC can bring on feelings of anxiety and paranoia, while CBD has been shown to do the opposite and make people feel more relaxed and content.
Cannabinoids also work in the human body in other ways such as providing antioxidant, antibiotic, antifungal, and antiviral properties which all result from their direct interaction with germs and other microbes.
Finally, there is another family of compounds produced in cannabis which also has medicinal effects on the human body known as terpenes. As with cannabinoids, there are scores of different terpenes. These oily compounds are the cause of the distinct aroma and flavor of cannabis as well as most other plants, fruits, flowers, and so on. Terpenes have been used for millennia in the treatment of disease including being central to a treatment mode known as aromatherapy. They are so powerful that sometimes just a whiff of a particular terpene can change your mood.
Whereas cannabinoids are measured in percentage of overall weight, sometimes as high as 25% or more in the most potent buds, terpenes, on the other hand, are measured in far smaller concentrations — parts per million. Terpenes readily evaporate and act upon our olfactory system (nose). If you open a package of marijuana, within a fraction of a second it can be smelled many feet away.
Terpenes also have some impact on how cannabinoids affect the body. This combined effect of the ratios of cannabinoids and terpenes found in a strain of marijuana or hemp is known as the entourage effect because these compounds travel together through your body and the effects of the entourage add up to more than the sum of its parts.
So the bottom line here is that THC has different effects than CBD, and products which contain terpenes rather than purified cannabinoids have a different effect than pure cannabinoids.
If you’re planning on using cannabis oils for medical purposes and not just for kicks, then you might want to start with a full-spectrum CBD oil and see if that does the trick before you move on to the hard stuff.
To learn more about Arkansas Medical Marijuana, check out this article.
Now, let’s see where you can buy some CBD oil in Arkansas.
Where To Buy CBD Oil In Arkansas
There are countless boutiques and shops in Arkansas that carry CBD oils and CBD infused products such as edibles, beverages, vape cartridges, topicals, and so on. These shops are especially prevalent in the larger cities in Arkansas such as Little Rock, Fort Smith, Fayetteville, and Springdale.
Online shops often offer a much wide array of products than brick and mortar shops. You’ll find things online that you might not find in your local shops — products such as CBD honey to CBD cake pops, CBD-infused beverages, and even CBD cotton candy and popcorn. CBD for pets is also available.
If you’re looking for cannabis products containing THC you’ll have to go through the medical program, get your card, and shop at a licensed dispensary — that is if you want to avoid the risk of being tossed in jail.
Where to buy CBD online
There are several websites which sell CBD oil. You can easily order a bottle of CBD oil, a bag of CBD-infused gummies or some CBD vape liquid additive, and even CBD products for your cats and dogs. Then have it delivered doorstep. Several top brands are showcased on the CBDbay.app.
There are numerous companies selling CBD oil online that will gladly ship their products to Arkansas residents. Here are some of them that come highly rated.
These companies also carry a line of CBD for pets products as well. Many of these online hemp CBD retailers will give you a discount using the promo code “CBDBAY”. Give it a try!
- Arkansas Department Of Health: Medical Marijuana Resources
- Arkansas Medical Marijuana Commission
- Arkansas Medical Marijuana Rules and Regulations
- Arkansas Medical Marijuana Amendment of 2016
- Arkansas Department Of Health: Medical Marijuana FAQ
- Americans for Safe Access: Arkansas Medical Marijuana Laws and Regulations
- Marijuana Policy Project: Medical marijuana program finally taking shape
- NORML: Arkansas Local Decriminalization
- Arkansas Online: Hemp-derived CBD takes off in Northwest Arkansas as medical marijuana lags
- 5News: Nearly 40 More Qualifying Conditions Proposed For Using Medical Marijuana In Arkansas